Figure 3.

Diagram to illustrate the kinetics of activation of systemic innate responses during acute HIV-1 infection. The exponential increase in plasma viral titres (red line) is associated with elevations in circulating levels of a multiple cytokines and chemokines (coloured lines), which likely reflect the systemic activation of pDCs, cDCs, macrophages, NK cells and other cell types.

Borrow et al. Retrovirology 2010 7:84   doi:10.1186/1742-4690-7-84
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