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This article is part of the supplement: AIDS Vaccine 2012

Open Access Poster presentation

Immune responses triggered by HIV/AIDS vaccine candidates, derived from MVA-B, with deletions in several immune regulatory genes

J García-Arriaza*, P Arnáez, CE Gómez and M Esteban

  • * Corresponding author: J García-Arriaza

Author Affiliations

Centro Nacional de Biotecnología. CSIC. Madrid, Madrid, Spain

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Retrovirology 2012, 9(Suppl 2):P302  doi:10.1186/1742-4690-9-S2-P302

The electronic version of this article is the complete one and can be found online at: http://www.retrovirology.com/content/9/S2/P302


Published:13 September 2012

© 2012 García-Arriaza et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Background

Poxvirus vector Modified Vaccinia Virus Ankara (MVA) expressing HIV-1 Env, Gag, Pol and Nef antigens from clade B (termed MVA-B) is a promising HIV/AIDS vaccine candidate, as it was shown in the results obtained from a phase I clinical trial.

Methods

To try to improve the immunogenicity elicited by MVA-B we have generated and characterized the innate immune sensing and the in vivo immunogenicity profile of new optimizing MVA-B vaccine candidates, which contains deletions in one, two or three different immunomodulatory vaccinia virus (VACV) genes blocking the same signaling pathway, involved in the induction of type I IFN.

Results

The innate immune signals elicited by these MVA-B deletion mutants in human macrophages showed an up-regulation of the expression of IFN-β and IFN-α/β-inducible genes. A DNA prime/MVA boost immunization protocol in mice revealed that these MVA-B deletion mutants were able to induce strong and polyfunctional HIV-1-specific CD4+ and CD8+ T-cell adaptive and memory immune responses, which were mostly mediated by CD8+ T cells with an effector phenotype. CD4+ T-cell responses were mainly directed against Env in MVA-B and all the MVA-B deletion mutants. However and interestingly, while MVA-B induced preferentially Env- and Gag-specific CD8+ T-cell responses, MVA-B deletion mutants induced more GPN-specific CD8+ T-cell responses. Moreover, an enhanced HIV-1-specific lymphoproliferative response was observed with the MVA-B deletion mutants. Furthermore, MVA-B and MVA-B deletion mutants were also able to induce antibodies against Env.

Conclusion

These findings revealed that deletion in MVA-B of VACV genes that act blocking the same signaling pathway confers an immunological benefit by inducing innate immune responses and increasing the magnitude, quality and durability of the HIV-1-specific T-cell immune responses. Our observations focused the use of highly optimizing MVA-based vectors as more potent HIV-1 vaccines.